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Old hedges have thick trunks, and their lines are often wavy. 

A straight line of hawthorn ‘trees’ in a field – see picture – is a sure sign of an extinct hedge lining an old road. 

I specify hawthorn because it was the hedge of choice: it tolerates wet & dry, grows in all soils and, most importantly, doesn’t spread sideways.  In Anglo-Saxon the word for hedge ('haga') was the same as the word for hawthorn.

(However, I have included a picture of an ash hedge - in memoriam.)

Hedges image 1
Line of Hawthorn, Biddlesden
Hedges image 2
Ash Hedge, Deddington
Hedges image 3
Hawthorns at Barby